Dutch architects MVRDV and Van Boven Architecten have designed "Green Villa", an office and residential building on a corner lot close to the Dommel river in the southern Dutch village of Sint-Michielsgestel.
Van Boven Architecten will also develop the four-storey project and real estate developer Stein will occupy the building’s ground floor office space. Apartments will fill the other three floors.
A gridded "rack" system will act as the building’s faÃ§ade and will display a variety of potted plants, bushes, and trees such as forsythias, jasmine, pine and birch.
MVRDV says the faÃ§ade will act as a three-dimensional arboretum, a plant and tree library, and have nameplates with information.
The plants were chosen to offer privacy, shade, or views for those living or working in the building.
An irrigation system using harvested rainwater is integrated into the planters to ensure watering throughout the year.
Winy Maas, MVRDV founder-partner, said: "This design is a continuation of our research into ‘facade-less’ buildings and radical greening.
"The idea from the nineties of city parks as an oasis in the city is too limited. We need a radical ‘green dip’: as will be shown soon in a book by The Why Factory with the same title, we should also cover roofs and high-rise facades with greenery.
"Plants and trees can help us to offset CO2 emissions, cool our cities, and promote biodiversity." Â
Construction on the project is due to start in 2020.
Image courtesy of MVRDV